Today it is very important to start telling about the crisis in the
Dazzled by the achievements of science during the 18th and 19th
centuries, many westerners thought that religion had exhausted
all its usefulness and surrendered to science once for all. Almost
all the eminent western psychologists and sociologists expressed
themselves in similar terms. Freud, the renowned psychologist,
for instance, while demonstrating the futility of religion in modern
times says that human life passes through three distinct
psychological phases: superstition, religion, and science.
This being the era of science, so all religion was pronounced out of date.
There is no denying that there were certain causes which led the
men of science in Europe to adopt a view of life antagonistic to religion
. It was mainly due to the great controversy, that raged between
men of science and the Christian church, which made them think
quite justifiably of course that whatever the church stood for was
reactionary, retrogressive, backward and superstitious, and that
therefore it must vacate its seat for science so as to enable humanity
to move ahead on the path of civilization.
Without appreciating the difference between the peculiar conditions
of life obtaining in Europe at the time of this unhappy conflict and those
in the Islamic world, a section of people has been demanding the
renunciation of religion and of the sacred traditions that have come
to us from our earlier generations. This move has been strengthened
by the puerile imitation of the West that is gaining currency in the
Muslim lands. Many naive people fancy that the only way to progress
is to follow the dominant nations of Europe, intellectually
and culturally. to achieve this they have to discard their religion
just as Europe had done failing which they fear they would be
trapped in an abyss of reactionism, backwardness, and humbug.
But such people overlook the fact that even in the West, not all
the outstanding scholars were antagonistic towards religion,
nor do their works exhibit anything of this sort. On the other
hand, we find some of these eminent intellectuals who were
never under the spell of Europ's Godless materialism and who
affirmed that religion is a psychological as well as an intellectual
necessity for mankind.