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Kingdom of Samudera Pasai is located in Aceh, and is the first Islamic kingdom in Indonesia. This kingdom was founded by Meurah Silu in 1267 AD Archaeological evidence of the existence of this kingdom is the discovery of the tomb of Pasai kings in the village of Beuringen Geudong subdistrict, North Aceh.
This tomb is located near the ruins of the central building of the kingdom of Samudera in the village of Beuringin, Samudera subdistrict, about 17 km east of Lhokseumawe. Among the tombs of the kings, there is the name of Sultan Malik al-Saleh, the first King of Pasai.
Malik al-Saleh is the new name Meurah Silu after he converted to Islam, and was the first Islamic sultan in Indonesia. Ruling for approximately 29 years (1297-1326 AD). The Kingdom of Samudera Pasai is a composite of the Kingdom of Pase and Peurlak, with the first king Malik al-Saleh.
A Muslim traveler from Maghribi, Ibn Bathutah had visited Pasai in 1346 AD, he also recounted that, when he was in China, he saw the presence of a ship of Sultan Pasai in China. Indeed, Chinese sources mention that Pasai emissaries regularly came to China to hand over tributes. Other information also mentions that, Sultan Pasai sent envoys to Quilon, West India in 1282 AD This proves that Pasai has a fairly wide relationship with the outside kingdom
In its heyday, Samudera Pasai was an important commercial center in the region, visited by merchants from various countries, such as China, India, Siam, Arabia and Persia. The main commodity is pepper. As a large trading port, Samudera Pasai issued a gold coin called a dirham. This money is used officially in the kingdom. Besides being a trading center, Samudera Pasai is also a center of Islamic religious development.
Along with the development of the times, the Ocean decline, until conquered by Majapahit around the year 1360 AD In 1524 AD conquered by the kingdom of Aceh.
THE BIRTH OF THE KINGDOM OF KINGDOM OUT
The sovereignty of the kingdom of Sriwijaya (684 AD 1377 AD) under the Syailendra dynasty with its first king Balaputera Dewa, centered in Palembang, South Sumatra, is stronger and the area more extensive, after Malay region and kingdom, Tulang Bawang, Bangka Island, Jambi, Genting Kra and When Sriwijaya was at its peak, it turned out that inviting Rajendrachola king from Cholamandala in southern India could not withstand his greedy passion, then in the year 1023 was born an attack from this king of south India to Srivijaya.
It turned out that this Syailendra dynasty was unable to withstand the attack of the Hindu army of South India, the king of Sriwijaya was taken prisoner and the Chola soldiers from southern India returned to his country. Although Sriwijaya can be disabled, but this Buddhist kingdom lived until the year 1377. At times when Sriwijaya is weak, came the Islamic kingdom of Samudera-Pasai in Aceh with king Malik Al Saleh and forwarded by his granddaughter Malik Al Zahir.
THE FIRST OF THE KINGDOM OF ISLAM IN OUR SAMUDERA
In the third Caliph period 'Ustman (644 - 656), missionaries from the Arab Land began arriving at the Chinese court. Contacts between China and the Islamic world are maintained primarily by sea through the Indonesian waters. It is therefore not strange that Muslims seem to play an important role in the major trade-state affairs of the Buddhist Sumatra, the Kingdom of Srivijaya. Between 904 AD until the mid-XII century, emissaries from Srivijaya to the Chinese court had the Arabic name (Muslim). This is a trace of the emergence of the role of Muslims in the field of political economy-although in the system of the Buddhist Srivijaya government.
The first clue about Indonesian Muslims relates to the northern part of Sumatra. In the Lamreh cemetery was found the headstone of Sultan Sulaiman bin Abdullah bin Al-Bashir who died in 608 AH / 1211 AD This is the first clue about the existence of the Islamic kingdom in the territory of Indonesia.