The potential of aquaculture in Latin America

3년 전

AQUACULTURE IS KEY TO INCREASE THE AVAILABILITY OF FOOD IN LATIN AMERICA

Image Source

According to FAO articles, Latin America presents important asymmetries both in food production and in its levels of sub and malnutrition. With a recent setback in advances to eradicate hunger, the region hosts 34 million undernourished people; of which more than 6 million are children under 5 years old. Likewise, there are more than 134 million people with overweight problems derived from inadequate eating patterns.

This context occurs mainly in countries with a deficit in food balance and in areas where poverty indicators are accentuated. While the countries of South America are net exporters of food, mainly cereals and meat products; the Central American sub-region depends partially on the regular importation of raw and processed foods to meet the needs of a population that, in some micro-regions, is suffering from high levels of malnutrition.

Image Source

Paradoxically, the potential offered by Latin America as a whole for aquaculture production is the largest on a global scale. In this context, Central America has environmental and socio-economic conditions suitable for aquaculture development. The presence of diverse marine-coastal ecosystems in the Pacific and Atlantic coasts; vast watersheds; a wide diversity of hydrobiological resources and a climatic diversity that can accommodate a considerable spectrum of species represent, overall, an important natural capital that, if developed in a socially responsible and environmentally sustainable way, can mean food self-sufficiency in the coming decades .

Image Source

It is a fact that the growth rate of aquaculture in Latin America has maintained one of the highest rates on a global scale (more than 9% annual average in the last 2 decades), surpassing the growth of any other primary sector producing food . However, regional aquaculture production is mostly oriented towards exports, so the availability of fish and shellfish and consequently their consumption are still very limited in the regional geography and this is particularly worrying in rural communities with a high incidence of sub -nutrition, obesity or with synergistic effects of both problems (double nutritional burden).

Recent empirical evidence suggests that the nutritional status of indigenous populations in coastal areas, regardless of their level of general poverty, is significantly higher than that of their counterparts in mountain territories or away from aquatic ecosystems, which means that they have access to protein from fish, the factor that explains this condition.

Beyond the importance of aquaculture for export and its boost to the economies of the communities where aquaculture companies are located, aquaculture must also be a fundamental part of the actions promoted to increase the availability and access of high quality food. nutrition, in national policies for the eradication of hunger and malnutrition in the most vulnerable populations.

There are species and farming systems that adapt to the traditional production systems of family farmers and that have been successfully validated in countries of the region; such as agro-aquaculture (productive integration of agricultural, livestock and aquaculture crops); aquaponics (aquaculture and agricultural crops that share the same culture medium and nutrients) and aquaculture ponds in productive areas of family farming that take advantage of their organic waste as fertilizers.

It is essential to promote and facilitate aquaculture expansion, to face the challenges of producing more quality food in the region.

Aquaculture is the future in the world's nutrition. This needs the support of all to maintain a balance between ecological care, the conservation of aquatic species and human nutrition. Together, we aim to make aquaculture reach far!

Thanks so much for reading.

Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post.
If you enjoyed what you read here, create your account today and start earning FREE STEEM!
STEEMKR.COM IS SPONSORED BY
ADVERTISEMENT
Sort Order:  trending

oh with the population increase, we are facing a lot of difficulties

Congratulations @francismoure: this post has been upvoted by @minnowhelpme!!
This is a free upvote bot, part of the project called @steemrepo , made for you by the witness @yanosh01.
Thanks for being here!!

Hello greetings, I loved your photo of the tuna farm; I am a Venezuelan aquaculturist.
regards
Totalmente de acuerdo, yo soy acuacultor de Venezuela, Saludos

·

Un placer conocerlo, yo soy estudiante de acuicultura de la Universidad de Oriente :D

·
·

Por alla en la UDO Mi querido amigo Cesar Lodeiros.
Tambien te escribo por acá para invitarte a leer mi más reciente microcuento, se llama la “fria tarde” me gustaría lo leyeras, sí es tu gusto.
https://steemit.com/spanish/@dimiv2017/micro-cuento-la-tarde-fria

·
·
·

Perfecto, ya lo voy a leer. :D

Congratulations! This post has been upvoted from the communal account, @minnowsupport, by francismoure from the Minnow Support Project. It's a witness project run by aggroed, ausbitbank, teamsteem, theprophet0, someguy123, neoxian, followbtcnews, and netuoso. The goal is to help Steemit grow by supporting Minnows. Please find us at the Peace, Abundance, and Liberty Network (PALnet) Discord Channel. It's a completely public and open space to all members of the Steemit community who voluntarily choose to be there.

If you would like to delegate to the Minnow Support Project you can do so by clicking on the following links: 50SP, 100SP, 250SP, 500SP, 1000SP, 5000SP.
Be sure to leave at least 50SP undelegated on your account.

I really like your post. thank you buddy do not forget my upvote

by. @ dewa123

The aquaculture in Venezuela is very popular but the last couple of years for the crisis we are living in the country to many producers have became a problem because they dont find someproducts to the fishes and it has done that the production levels go down! By the way your article is very interesting!

Agriculture does play vital role everywhere. Even in india we are dependent on rain in many parts to survive. Nice article.

@resteemator is a new bot casting votes for its followers. Follow @resteemator and vote this comment to increase your chance to be voted in the future!