has made remarkable progress in recent years, while making our lives much easier than before, has also raised concerns, one of the most important of them is the brain and computer interface (BCI).
This interface can read brain signals and use them for specific tasks that have caused a great deal of concern among scientists and technology activists.
In this study, the virtual reality headset tracks users' eye movements to see where people are looking.
This information is processed by a computer that is directly connected to brain waves called the brain and computer interface (BCI).
What are the uses of the brain and computer interface?
In the Columbia University experiment, the goal of brainstorming information is to teach artificial intelligence in self-driving cars, so they understand when a driver is paying attention to a particular environment or subject.
The brain and computer interface is used in many areas, for example, the management of UAVs by soldiers at the United States Agency for Advanced Defense Research Projects and the monitoring of students in Chinese schools.
Scientists are looking for rules to use the brain and computer interface.
They are also used in the medical industry.
Some experts do not trust them much because of the lack of transparency in the operation of these devices. An important question in this regard is the unconfirmed claims of companies as well as how they affect users.
These cases have led some people to seek legislation to protect individuals against futures that could use brain information for business purposes.
"These intermediaries have raised a lot of concerns about user privacy. "This technology has the potential to change a person's feelings or identity, which raises questions about independence and autonomy or the capacity to lead a person's life."
Our brains generate electrical signals for every thought, feeling, or movement, and BCI has been developed to read these signals, sometimes using EEGs and electrodes on the head.
16 to 64 electrodes are often used for this purpose, although some models have 256 electrodes. Neurolink intends to be more aggressive in this regard and use 3072 thin metal strands on people's brains.
The brain and computer interface reads brain signals and uses that information to perform tasks such as typing text or controlling a drone by a computer or machine.
Are there specific rules for the brain and computer interface?
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which licenses medical devices, including BCIs, has approved only some of them, while a large number of them are not technically classified as medical devices and are selling in the market.
In 2015, for example, the FDA did not endorse the device developed by Thync as a medical device.
The FDA has guidelines on the brain and computer interface used by laboratories, but there are no specific guidelines for samples in the market.
With progress in the BCI field , the need for legal transparency increases. Technology may be able to change the way people's brains work, or as some research has shown, it can help them understand their identity.
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