Hoof disease is one among the viral diseases of animals. Cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, deer and elephants are often infected with the disease. Especially under the age of 6 months, the disease is seen within the sort of plague.
Although rabies is more or less seen altogether the seasons of the country, it's more prevalent at the top of the monsoon season.
Symptoms: Initially the blood heat rises. Wounds or sores are formed between the tongue, the gums of the teeth, the whole mouth , and therefore the hooves of the feet. This causes foamy saliva to return out of the mouth. Occasionally there's a blister on the skin. The animal digs and has difficulty eating thanks to sores or sores on the face.
In a short time the animal becomes weak. This disease often causes miscarriage in pregnant cows. Milk production of dairy cows is severely reduced. Although the deathrate of adult cows is low, it's very difficult to stay infected calves alive. generally , 95 percent of infected calves under the age of 6 months die.
Spread: The virus is transmitted through saliva, wound juice, feces, urine, milk, etc. of animals infected with hoof disease. The virus is transmitted to sensitive animals through air and food. The virus are often transmitted to healthy animals through contact with infected cows and buffaloes.
The virus are often spread from one place to a different through the utilization of infected animals and animal products (skin, meat, milk, etc.) from one place to a different and even through the air.
Treatment: Infected animals should be kept break away healthy animals at the start . Wounds of sick animals should be washed with potash mixed water (0.01 percent potassium permanganate). 10 grams (2 teaspoons) of alum water should be mixed in 1 liter of water to wash the face.
Sohagar khair powder mixed with honey should be applied on the wound of the face. Give soft food. The animal should be kept on the ground during a dry and shady place. Under no circumstances should mud be kept in soil or water.
Mix 40 grams of bicarbonate of soda in 1 liter of water and apply sulfanilamide powder to wash the sores of the feet. watch out for flies, in order that insects don't give. during this case, it's best to use sulfanilamide powder and niguvan powder mixed with copra oil or Vaseline.
Things to stay in mind: Cleaning the foot wound with peroxide before applying the drugs gives good results. Infected cows and buffaloes should be injected with penicillin or oxytetracycline to guard them from bacterial attacks (on the recommendation of a physician).
Saline (5% glucose + 0.9% sodium chloride) must be pushed into the vein if excess saliva is excreted thanks to mouth sores and stop eating. With the appliance of vitamin B-complex injections, the wound will heal and therefore the appetite will increase. But take care - glucose injections alone can't be used.
Prevention: so as to stop the spread of the disease, the infected animal should be treated separately from the healthy animal. Any animal with hoof disease should be buried 4-5 feet below the bottom . In no way can it's left within the open. Babies under 6 months aged shouldn't be fed sick cows and will be kept during a separate place.
Vaccination: Healthy cattle should be vaccinated twice a year. Vaccines for rabies are available at local upazila and district hospitals. If given in time, the attack of razor disease are often prevented.