“To paraphrase several sages: Nobody can think and hit someone at the same time.” ― Susan Sontag, Regarding the Pain of Others
Lesson From A Bank Robbery
Anthony, low in IQ, and Job, high in IQ, rob a bank. Anthony however outperforms Job during the robbery because his mind is empty, and he thinks about nothing else other than the present, unfolding activities.
He doesn't care about getting caught by the police; he doesn't care about what to say in the courtroom; he simply doesn't have a plan B.
Job, on the other hand, worries about the police and the potential courtroom situation; so he ended up doing a poor job while robbing the bank. Job's concern about getting caught is Second-Order Thinking.
Another Second-Order Thinking Example
The Crane Toads have been taken to Australia to solve the problem of pests. Soon, all the pests were gone. Good! However, the Crane Toads are poisonous to dogs and other animals if taken as food, and they themselves ended up as a problem.
Seeing the problem of the pests is First-Order Thinking whereas seeing that of the Crane Toads is Second-Order Thinking.
Second-Order Thinking considers the long-term implications of a problem, situation or decision.
Beginning Of A Journey
First-Order Thinking is fast. And easy. At this level, the thinkers would go for short-term solutions. They'd go for the surface-level thinking. They wouldn't think very deep. They wouldn't see very far.
Whereas Second-Order Thinking is slow. And difficult. At this level, the birthplace of extraordinary performances, the thinkers would go for long-term solutions. They'd think very deep, and they'd see things that others can't see.
Thinkers go from
- Unreflective Thinker, to
- Challenged Thinker, to
- Beginning Thinker, to
- Practicing Thinker, to
- Advanced Thinker, and then finally to
- Master Thinker.
Some children were given marshmallows in an experiment. They were told to wait if they wanted a bonus. Certain children ate the marshmallows immediately while others waited and received the bonus.
Those children who waited for the bonus are the doers of Second-Order Thinking.
The children were observed for several years by the experimenters, who wanted to compare and contrast the children's achievements and later-life trajectories. The result: the recipients of the bonus did better in life than those that immediately ate the marshmallows.
Twinkling Along With Joseph
John Boyd's OODA And You
Grand Story + Story + Facts = Meaning (Advanced Writing Course Materials)
I Missed The Gorilla... Did You See It?
Whoever That Said "Fear + Manipulation + Domination = Witchcraft" Is A Superlative Genius
Tom Robinson's Predicament
Time Once Lost: She Once Was An Angel...
Amazing, The Original Myth Explains The Second Myth
When Words Failed...
When Conmen Marry...
Heraclitus: You Can't Step Into The Same River Twice, Can You?
Mimetic Theory: Is This The Best Way To Understand The World?
Absolutism Vs. Relativism, Which Side Are You On?