Learn the verb "to be" in spanish. (verbos ser y estar)

4년 전

Hello Everyone! This is my first article about spanish grammar and I'll try to make it as easy as possible.

Today I'll talk to you about two meanings of the verb "to be" in spanish. I think that it's one of the most important verbs in spanish and many people have problems by using them. As in english, once you know how to use this verb correctly, you will speak spanish much better.

First of all, you have to know that in spanish we use this verb express two very different things. We say "SER" or "ESTAR".

Ser: we use "ser" to talk about a natural and permanent condition of any person, animal or thing. It doesn't change. For example: He is tall, He is peruvian. I'm a doctor. I mean, you use "ser" to talk about nationalities, professions, skin color, and other features that doesn't change.

Estar: we use "estar" to talk about things that are temporary such as emotions, physical characteristics, and in general, things that can change at any time. For instance: I'm fat. I'm tired. She's excited. He's sad. He's learning spanish. He is traveling. He's driving. He's cleaning the house.

We also use estar to talk about places we are in. For example: I'm in Venezuela (Yo estoy en Venezuela).

Basically, the diference between them is that "ser" is a permanent condition and "estar" is temporary.

A funny way to explain and understand the difference between "ser" and "estar" is with this example: Imagine an ugly girl with a lot of makeup who looks really beautiful. She is ugly (naturally) but while she ware makeup she is pretty (temporarily). In english we use "is" in the both cases, but in spanish we use the verb "ser" in the first case and "estar" in the second case

How to conjugate? First you need to know the subject pronouns:

I: Yo.
You: Tu
She: Ella
He: El
They: ellos - ellas (male-female)
You: ustedes (2 or more people)
We: nosotros - nosotras (male - female)

ser-vs-estar.jpg
Picture taken from https://www.tes.com/lessons/tcrq-EQrkANhPA/repaso-ser-v-estar

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB SER

YO SOY (am). TÚ ERES (are). ELLA ES (is). ÉL ES (is). ELLOS SON (are). USTEDES SON (are). NOSOTROS SOMOS (are).

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB ESTAR

YO ESTOY (am). TÚ ESTÁS (are). ELLA ESTÁ (is). ÉL ESTÁ (is). ELLOS ESTÁN (are). USTEDES ESTÁN (are). NOSOTROS ESTAMOS (are).

Here are some examples: Yo soy venezolana (I'm venezuelan). I'm driving (yo estoy manejando). I'm tired (yo estoy cansada). You're learning. (tú estás aprendiendo).

Well, I hope this helps for you and you have learned something today. If you liked this post, please comment so that I'll know and I'll keep posting similar topics. I love spanish and I like help people to learn it, so if you want to learn any new thing about it, let me know!

I'd really like @ocd to see this article.

WhatsApp Image 2018-01-29 at 6.46.57 PM.jpeg

Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post.
If you enjoyed what you read here, create your account today and start earning FREE STEEM!
STEEMKR.COM IS SPONSORED BY
ADVERTISEMENT
Sort Order:  trending

Welcome to Steem Community @curiosicosas! As a gentle reminder, please keep your master password safe. The best practise is to use your private posting key to login to Steemit when posting; and the private active key for wallet related transactions.

In the New Steemians project, we help new members of steem by education and resteeeming their articles. Get your articles resteemed too for maximum exposure. You can learn more about it here: https://steemit.com/introduceyourself/@gaman/new-steemians-project-launch

Welcome to Steemit! I hope you’ll enjoy being here as much as I do.

You might find these YouTube videos useful. They are created specifically to help new Steemers grow and be successful on Steemit and will be posted on the @steemitvideos account as well.

All The Best!
Spencer Coffman
My Latest Article: 3 Reasons To Keep A Journal

Welcome to Steemit curiosicosas. Let me know if you got any questions about Steem or anything related to it! The official FAQ can be found here and has A LOT of information https://steemit.com/faq.html - Also remember, Steemit is just ONE of the sites built that uses Steem the blockchain. We also have DTube - our very own Youtube, DSound for Soundcloud and Steepshot if you prefer Instagram like experience. I'd also like to mention ChainBB - forums, Busy - Steemit with more modern look basically, DMania for memes and Dlive for streaming just like in Twitch! Welcome to the blockchain

Congratulations @curiosicosas! You received a personal award!

Happy Birthday! - You are on the Steem blockchain for 1 year!

Click here to view your Board

Support SteemitBoard's project! Vote for its witness and get one more award!

Congratulations @curiosicosas! You received a personal award!

Happy Birthday! - You are on the Steem blockchain for 2 years!

You can view your badges on your Steem Board and compare to others on the Steem Ranking

Vote for @Steemitboard as a witness to get one more award and increased upvotes!