Liangzhu, a sacred place in the history of Chinese civilization for 5,000 years.198

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China has 53 World Heritage sites, and where might the next one be? Why do you say so? For the history of the Chinese nation, we habitually say "up and down five thousand years", the vast majority of the country also have no doubt that China has five thousand years of civilization, but the problem is, in Iraq, there were unearthed more than 5,000 years ago Sumerian illustrated relief, in Egypt, you can still see the construction of 4700 years ago The credible history of the Chinese nation can only be traced back to Yinxu, where the oracle bone inscriptions were unearthed, only 3,300 years ago, and the Xia Dynasty, recorded by Sima Qian in "The Records of the Grand Historian", is still in writing, and the "Erlitou Culture" in Luoyang, Henan Province, although known as "the earliest China Although the "Erlitou Culture" in Luoyang, Henan Province, is called the "earliest China", it still lacks strong evidence of being the capital city of the Xia Dynasty. Chinese civilization is undoubtedly one of the world's oldest civilizations, but need more and more powerful cultural heritage to confirm, and Liang zhu site is recommended to declare the world's cultural heritage, the main purpose is also this.
Liangzhu site is located 18 kilometres north of Hangzhou City, Yuhang District, Bottle kiln town, because the first discovery of black pottery jars in the Liangzhu period in Hangzhou City, Yuhang District, Liangzhu Street, in 1959 in accordance with archaeological practices in accordance with the discovery of the site Liangzhu named, known as Liangzhu culture, Liangzhu site is actually the general name of many sites between the three towns of Liangzhu, Bottle kiln, Anxi in Yuhang District, Bottle kiln town is the site of Liangzhu culture center. Now Hangzhou subway line 2 has opened Liangzhu station, but from the subway station to the Liangzhu Museum there are about 3.5 kilometres, as one of the most developed cities of the sharing economy, Liangzhu subway station outside actually can not find a shared bike, you can spend about 10 yuan to take the local villagers of the small red tricycle, or spend 1 yuan to take the 491A bus to, bus frequency is less. The Liangzhu Museum is free and there is also the Liangzhu National Archaeological Site Park to the north of the museum, which is not yet open, while the Liangzhu Ancient City site is located 5 kilometres northwest of the museum.
The Liangzhu Museum is located in the Beautiful Island Park of Liangzhu Street, Yuhang District, Hangzhou, surrounded by lotus ponds and lush greenery, which also signifies that Liangzhu is an ancient city built on wetlands.
The Liangzhu Museum is a must-see place to learn about the culture of Liangzhu, as the finest artefacts excavated from the Liangzhu site are concentrated in the Liangzhu Museum.
When you enter the museum, the most prominent position is written "Liangzhu site is a sacred place to prove the history of Chinese civilization for 5,000 years", which simply and clearly explains the importance of Liang zhu site.
As a site museum, compared to most similar museums, Liangzhu is undoubtedly high. On the four walls, where are the Liangzhu sites? How old is the Liangzhu culture? The keywords of Liangzhu culture and the specific age of the Liangzhu site.
Early state, jade civilization, rice civilization, primitive writing, the kingdom of gods, urban civilization, unified faith ...... These are the keywords of Liangzhu culture.
How old is the Liangzhu culture? This scale is clear, it is older than the Xia Dynasty, and the 5000 years of Chinese civilization is well confirmed here.
There is actually more than one Liangzhu site, including Mo jiao Mountain, Anti Mountain, Bianjiashan, Ganggongling and many others, mainly in the northeast, east and southeast of the Taihu Lake basin.
The permanent exhibition hall of Liangzhu Museum is divided into three parts, the first exhibition hall "Water Country", the second exhibition hall "Sacred Land of Civilization", and the third exhibition hall "Jade Soul and Country Spirit".
This young man is called Shi Xinqian, who lived only 27 years old and died young due to scarlet fever, but he became the discoverer of Liangzhu culture at the age of 24.
Liangzhu contemporaries of the world's major early civilizations, which were also early civilizations from the four ancient civilizations.
One of the keywords of the history of rice civilization Liangzhu culture is the comparison between the present rice and the rice that has been carbonized.
The stone ploughs used by the ancestors for ploughing, these ploughs are with round holes, which are supposed to fix the handles and so on.
The bone sceptre in ancient times, from animal bones, a symbol of power and prestige, the sceptre is common in movies and TV, but it is the first time to see it in reality.
Since it represents power and prestige, of course, it can't be sloppy. A closer look at this 4,000 to 5,000-year-old object is covered with detailed carvings.
The skull container, which resembles a carrying basket after being threaded with a rope, was really put to good use by early men.
Drinking vessels, food containers, cooking vessels, etc. excavated from the Liangzhu site in the first exhibition hall, mostly made of pottery.
This wooden board with a round hole is probably the oldest pair of shoes in China, and the wooden clogs were excavated at the Bianjiashan site in Yuhang, more than 4,500 years ago.
And what are these? Yes, these are wooden gyroscopes. 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, our ancestors would already be smoking gyroscopes for fun. It's strange how something like the gyro, which is not practical, could have been invented so early.
And what is this jar covered with lumps and bumps? This is inlaid jade lacquerware, indicating that our inlaid craftsmanship goes back 5,000 years. Man's pursuit of beauty is truly innate.
Liangzhu unearthed a large amount of jade. Although there are some differences between the jade unearthed in Liangzhu and the jade we remember now, those micro carvings from 5,000 years ago are really jaw-dropping.
Jade is a characteristic of Liangzhu culture, and the jade song is one of the most common forms, which almost always has fine carvings on it, and shows the pursuit of art by the ancestors of Liangzhu.
This sand-covered black-skinned pottery is not amazing, but considering that it comes from 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, it is quite remarkable, not to mention that there are 12 symbols carved on its shoulder and upper abdomen, which is why researcher Li Xueqin of the Institute of History of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences called it "an unprecedented treasure".
These simple carvings on the pot are similar to children's graffiti, but weren't humans at that time in their childhood?
A model of Liangzhu-era architecture, which can still be found in southern China and Southeast Asia.
The atrium of the Liangzhu Museum is filled with jade jades in the pond.
The second exhibition hall "civilization holy land", especially eye-catching is a Liangzhu ancient city sand table, in fact, if you have enough time, should go to see the Liangzhu ancient city site 5 km away.
A wooden derrick from 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, it is curious that the wood has not decayed completely.
This is the skeleton of a woman who came from ancient times, from Liangzhu, which represents 5,000 years of Chinese culture.
Imagine the image of a city built in Liangzhu at that time. On top of a wetland, the great ancestors built a city that survives today.
In Hall 3, "Jade Soul and Country Spirit", you can see the most characteristic jade culture of Liangzhu. 242 pieces of jade were unearthed in this Tomb No. 14 of Anti-Shan alone.
The jade tools excavated in Liangzhu are rich in form and exquisite in carving. They were the material carriers of power, rituals and beliefs in the Liangzhu period, and were used to identify and distinguish between classes.
The jade used in the Liangzhu period has formed a clear distinction of rank. With the god emblem statue as the common god of faith, and with jade cong, jade battle-axe, jade bi as the representative of the divine power, military power, the king's power to form the unique jade ritual system of Liangzhu society, reflecting the Liangzhu society is the state form with the characteristics of unity of government and religion.
Totems, rituals, and ornaments can be summarized as the three main categories of jade objects in Liangzhu, right?
Jade birds are also one of the representative works of Liangzhu jade. Jade birds are usually grouped with jade pipes and jade beads and are used as necklaces, wrist ornaments, or foot ornaments, etc.
And what is this trident-shaped jade object? This is usually paired with a jade pipe and inserted into the hair, which is actually an ancient hairpin.
The story of the return of jade to Zhao is probably about this kind of jade, which first appeared in the Liangzhu culture and was the most prevalent Liangzhu heavy weapon, usually located below the chest and abdomen of the tomb owner up to the foot end when unearthed.
Jade bi is generally considered to be a ceremonial vessel for heavenly rituals, and also a symbol of wealth. The jade biscuit usually has no design, so this jade biscuit with a bird standing on a high platform symbol is especially valuable.
After seeing so many jades, the most can't miss the Liangzhu Museum's two town treasures - jade congregation king and jade battle-axe king, both of which are China's prohibited exhibition cultural relics, of course, not every time you go to see, these two national treasures are not always on display at the Liangzhu Museum.
Jade congeal king, the first jade congeals of Liangzhu culture, 8.9 cm in height, 5 cm in the outer diameter of the hole and 3.8 cm in the inner diameter of the hole, is the largest, heaviest and most exquisite workmanship among the discovered jade congeal of Liangzhu.
The body is carved with a complete image of a beast-faced god on each of the four sides of the body, and the sides of the beast face are carved in relief with bird motifs, and the overall decoration is heavily filled with scrolling clouds, straight lines, and curved lines, and the carving is very elaborate and detailed. In short, the jade saker is a representative work of the Liangzhu culture.
Jade battle-axe is the symbol of military command power. The earliest started from the stone battle-axe of Songze culture, and in the period of Liangzhu culture, the jade battle-axe constituted the core of the jade system together with jade Cong and jade bi and was the jade indication of the specific identity status of the noble class. The jade battle-axe of Liangzhu culture generally has two types: rectangular trapezoidal jade battle-axe and flat square trapezoidal jade battle-axe, and its highest form is generally composed of three parts: battle-axe body, crown decoration and end decoration.
The jade battle-axe of Liangzhu culture generally has two types: rectangular trapezoidal jade battle-axe and flat square trapezoidal jade battle-axe, and its highest form is generally composed of three parts: battle-axe body, crown ornament and end ornament.
This jade battle-axe king is not only preserved intact, but also has the image of beast-faced gods and men on the face of the battle-axe, and the chisel marks of four or five thousand years ago are still there when you look closely.
After seeing the three exhibition halls, I can't help but admire our ancestors from the bottom of my heart, in the Neolithic Age without written records, they have created a civilization that we can't imagine.
Liangzhu Museum, maybe the next time I come back, it will be a world heritage site.
Everywhere I go, I try to visit the local museum, the museum is the memory of a city, the museum is a fragment of an era, Liangzhu fragment from the ancestors of the Chinese nation, from the Neolithic era 5,000 years ago, from the great ancestors who built the city on this wetland, early state, urban civilization, primitive writing, rice civilization, water civilization, jade civilization The many keywords of ...... Liangzhu gives the best empirical evidence of the 5,000-year history of Chinese civilization. Of course, we should not be arrogant, in the same period or even earlier two river basins, the Sumerians have invented the earliest human hieroglyphic writing, learned to make bronze and built a huge tower building, while in the Nile, the Egyptians have built the pyramids that still stands especially towering. More than 5,000 years ago, the light of human civilization began to shine in a few places on earth, and let's not forget that one place is called today - Liangzhu.

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