The lies we tell ourselves - the just-world fallacy

3년 전

You arrive home late one evening to find a police car and ambulance outside the neighbour's home, the blue and red lights illuminating the street.

Your other neighbours are lining the street, gossiping about what's happened. Jill approaches and explains what happened. Bob and Sarah shouting at one another, about money. You could hear plates smashing; Bob was livid. We think he hit her.

Well, you think to yourself, Sarah is a bit of a handful, always complaining - she had it coming to her.

Congratulations! You've fallen victim to the just-world fallacy!

Hollywood

There is no place where the just-world fallacy is more prevalent than in Hollywood. In almost all films, the good protagonist struggles against an evil villain. The protagonist always prevails, and the villain is brought to justice.

However, there are exceptions. A Game of Thrones is renowned for killing off the main characters, to which the author George R. R. Martin said the following:

Once you’ve accepted that you have to include death then you should be honest about death and indicate it can strike down anybody at any time. You don’t get to live forever just because you are a cute kid or the hero’s best friend or the hero. Sometimes the hero dies, at least in my books.

The surprise in killing off the main characters plays with the audiences belief that good characters deserve to live, in our belief in a just-world.

Rape victims

Rape is a horrific crime, and victims can take years to recover from the trauma. In spite of this, when some learn of a rape, they often blame the victim, saying the clothes they were wearing invited the attacker, or that they shouldn't have drunk so much.

This is another example of the just-world fallacy: the rape victim must have deserved it, otherwise it wouldn't happen.

This has been shown in research by Linda Carli and her colleagues:

Researchers gave two groups of subjects a narrative about interactions between a man and a woman. The description of the interaction was the same until the end; one group received a narrative that had a neutral ending and the other group received a narrative that ended with the man raping the woman. Subjects judged the rape ending as inevitable and blamed the woman in the narrative for the rape on the basis of her behavior, but not her characteristics.

What can we do about it?

Sadly we live in an unfair world where good people go unrewarded and bad people have a lot of fortune and success.

When you judge someone, try to consider the circumstances that got them where they are. Also, try to imagine yourself in their shoes. Would their fate be justified if it were your own?


Banner photo by Hernán Piñera used under the CC-BY-2.0 license. Changes were made to the original.

Hollywood sign photo by Gnaphron used under the CC-BY-2.0 license. Changes were made to the original.


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Very informative post. Thank you!

When you judge someone, try to consider the circumstances that got them where they are. Also, try to imagine yourself in their shoes. Would their fate be justified if it were your own?

I prefer to say "Stop wasting time judging, other people or even yourself". It doesn't help anyone.

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In this context I take judging to mean "form a conclusion about". Probably not the right choice of word.

Stop wasting time judging, other people or even yourself

I disagree. Popular idioms like "don't pass judgment on others" lead people to believe judging oneself and others is bad. The definition of judgment is The act or process of judging; the formation of an opinion after consideration or deliberation. That sounds like a very healthy practice, as opposed to reacting purely based on emotions, in an irrational manner.

What you might consider bad is the reaction to a judgment.

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You're right and I will develop a bit.

Popular idioms like "don't pass judgment on others" lead people to believe judging oneself and others is bad

I didn't made any link between judgment and the notion of good or bad. I do not even evaluate the reaction to a judgment as good or bad.

We all always make judgments. And our judgment are tied to the values we have ate the moment we make our judgment. Those values evolve over time and so our consideration as good or bad.

Example: One day I might consider illegally downloading a movie to watch it once as "not so bad" and the next day I will refrain from doing it because I consider it, at this different time, as "not so good".

That sounds like a very healthy practice, as opposed to reacting purely based on emotions, in an irrational manner

I don't agree reacting "based on emotions" is "bad".
My judgment is subjective: I am the creator of it, the subject, the author. The word “emotion” come from the Latin root e “from” and motio “movement”. The emotion is my body “put into movement”, reacting to what I said to myself (the judgment) given a particular situation.

You will only consider your reaction as bad (or good) when you will make a new judgment on your own reaction. As it is when you consider your reaction as “rational” or “irrational”. It is just a new judgment base on values, your own, others value, shared values, …

What is healthy to me is to train ourselves to recognize (not analyze) our emotions, here and now and remember the fact that I am the author of my emotions based on my current value.

Then, using my awareness of the whole process of me creating my judgment, I can choose to adhere to it or re-evaluate my values related to this particular situation, and create a whole new judgment.
I can even create multiple judgments at the same time, considering the situation with different points of view.

As you see, this is an endless process, judging and judging what I judged, and so on...

My opinion is that it’s better to avoid this mental useless activity and train yourself to recognize your emotions, identify what you say to yourself and then to act as close as possible to what you really want to do this time, bypassing or ignoring the judgment step.

It’s a long learning process, but it will lead you to act more freely.

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Very insightful! Thanks for getting us to think about what's going on in the world and to look past the falsities that exists. In our every-day lives it can be easy to forget sometimes.