Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) What are its causes and symptoms? Types. Part 1.

4년 전

Sometimes when I see human behavior, I always ask myself the question: is it possible for a person to have several personalities and all of them to act differently? And over time I realized that yes.

Movies like Split (fragmented) with James McAvoy or Irene, me and my other self, with the actor Jim Carrey leading roles that are based on personality behavior and studies of this mental illness, but why is this, what Are your reasons? Do you have other disorders or associated syndromes? In a brief summary I will explain this mental pathology.


Dissociative identity disorder.

We define it as personality disorder, being a mental illness that its first characteristic is the existence of two or more personalities in a person, each with its own pattern of action before society.

They take control of the behavior of the individual, at least two of these personalities in the form of routine associating a degree of memory loss more advanced than the lack of normal memory called "lost time" or "amnestic time", is also associated with depression, anxiety, substance abuse disorder, self-harm, post-traumatic stress disorder.


Approximately 90% of the cases there is a history of abuse in the childhood of the individual, highlighting that in other cases it is due to the relationship with war experiences or health problems during their childhood period.

Genetics also plays a fundamental role, the studies of health professionals go against the idea that the diagnosis represents if it is a mental disorder instead of a delirium with a cultural or iatrogenic basis.



People may experience a picture of symptoms that often resemble other psychiatric disorders, are similar to those of anxiety, personality disorders, schizophrenia or epilepsy.

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Phobias
  • Panic attacks
  • Alterations of appetite


The 4 dissociative disorders based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders are the following:

Dissociative amnesia

Known as psychogenic or functional amnesia of autobiographical type with a relationship of the experiment with a strong emotional trauma.

Depersonalization disorder

Periods that persist of distancing from oneself, intermittent periods of feeling like an outside observer, having intact the sense of reality.

Dissociative leak

The patient is not able to remember the events of his past life, sometimes leading to the abandonment of the previous identity of a new identity.

Dissociative disorder not specified.

It is used in those forms of pathological dissociation that do not meet the diagnoses of any other dissociative disorder mentioned above.


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Stockholm Syndrome its Origin and Characteristics.

Trichotillomania: a disorder by pulling the hair.

Difference between Emotion and Feeling.


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