Hello Steemians, guess it's time to drop my second STEM post. But first I'd like to recognize two individuals that may have helped me get the right start into the steem community, the persons of @sogless and @mrbreeziewrites. They've been of good guidance.
Yeah, to the business of the day. Since I'm just getting to my third year in the University studying Mechanical Engineering, I should say I know just little in the world of Engineering until steemit kinda made me expose myself to that world of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) and that's where I came in across this topic "The Gas Turbine".
What is a Gas Turbine?
Where are they being used?
Why don't we have Gas Turbine cars out there for sale?
How does a gas turbine work?
I guess from my little knowledge and research, I'm going to try to shine a light on the topic.
A GAS TURBINE from Wikimedia under CCO license
Most of us know that the fundamental idea of all prime movers lies in the direct initialization of rotary motion for the performance of the work.
The gas turbine is now firmly established in aircraft, marine and industrial applications, but is making less rapid progress in the motor vehicle field. The Rover gas turbine was first shown in 1950, and in 1952 was demonstrated at speeds of over 240 km/h. No gas turbine engined car is on sale, although Chrysler produced a Turbine Car between 1962 and 1964 which was later terminated in 1979, mostly due to the failure of engines to meet government emissions regulations amongst others. Also, there are several gas turbine engined heavy commercial vehicles in the “advanced prototype” stage.
THE CHRYSLER GAS TURBINE CAR from Wikipedia under CCO license
What is a gas turbine?
According to Wikipedia, A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
There are three main components:
- An upstream rotating gas compressor;
- A downstream turbine on the same shaft;
- A combustion chamber or area, called a combustor, in between 1. and 2. above.
A fourth component is often used to increase efficiency (turboprop, turbofan), to convert power into mechanical or electric form (turboshaft, electric generator), or to achieve greater power to mass/volume ratio (afterburner).
A LABELLED GAS TURBINE from Wikimedia under CCO license
A shaft mounted axially inside a tube, is supported on bearings and has fixed to it two fans to blow air along the tube and this moving air will tend to rotate the second fan in the manner of a windmill. The power developed by the second fan would only be just enough to drive the first fan if there were no friction.
By inserting a Bunsen burner between the two fans the air passing along the tube can be heated causing it to expand. Thus, it will pass through the second fan travelling at a higher speed than it passed the first fan, so enabling the second fan to develop more power than is needed to drive the first fan. The engine is started by driving the compressor shaft by some external means-usually by an electric motor. When it is running fast enough to blow air into combustion chamber the fuel supply is turned on and fuel is sprayed continuously through a sprayer nozzle into the combustion chamber. Combustion is initiated by a sparking plug and once started will continue as long as fuel continues to be supplied. Power output is regulated by varying the rate of fuel delivery.
Most vehicle-type gas turbine have used a radial flow (centrifugal) compressor. The compressor turbine also has been a radial flow type on some engines e.g. the 1965 Rover – BRM, but most have been axial flow types.
- Gas turbine plants are used as standby plants for the hydroelectric power plants.
2.Gas turbine power plants may be used as peak loads plant and standby plants for smaller power units.
3.Gas turbines are used in jet aircraft and ships. Pulverised fuel-fired plants are used in a locomotive.
The Main Advantages of Gas Turbines are:
- High power output from a given weight of engine.
- The torque output characteristics permit a notable simplification of the transmission system.
- Smooth vibration less running due to absence of reciprocating parts.
- Easy starting.
- Can use a wide range of fuels and does not require expensive anti-knock devices
- No rubbing parts (such as pistons) so that internal friction and wear are almost eliminated.
- Low lubricating oil consumption.
- No water cooling system needed.
- Non Poisonous exhaust giving very little trouble with pollution.
- Requires little routine maintenance.
The Disadvantages of Gas Turbines are:
- Most of power is used to drive the compressor so it gives less output.
- The overall efficiency of gas turbine is low due to the fact that exhaust gases contain most of heat.
- It is expensive compared to a reciprocating engine of the same size.
- It also tends to use more fuel when idling.
I think with my little article, I've been able to shed more light on what the gas turbine is all about.
Auto-Technology fundamentals Series 1 By Dr K.A Salami
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