A Data Processing Center is the physical space where, in an organized way, a large number of computer and electronic equipment are stored in lockers, with the purpose of storing and processing digitized information from a private company, a public entity, or third parties by renting equipment under the modality of Dedicated Servers, VPS, Web Hosting, among others. The most used operating systems are based on Linux (Red Hat, CentOS, Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora, openSUSE, etc.) although Windows Server is also frequently used.
As a general rule, all large companies have their own Data Processing Center, they may even have more than one, according to their needs and strategies. Medium-sized companies can choose to install their own or use the infrastructure of a specialized provider to reduce costs. On the other hand, small companies are forced to contract external services, but this does not mean they are insecure or of poor quality.
The Data Processing Centers must be located in cities that have an excellent electric service and have several high-speed fiber optic Internet providers that are also able to supply several fixed IP addresses. The place must have no foreseeable risks of floods, fires, earthquakes or any other type of natural catastrophes. Similarly, to reduce the consumption of electricity it is advisable that the climate be as cold as possible to avoid overheating of equipment that works continuously.