Hanshan Temple is no less famous in Japan than in China.193

5개월 전

There was a poet named Zhang Ji in the Tang Dynasty, who wrote many poems in his life, but it is certain that not many of them have been handed down. Outside Gusu City, the sound of the midnight bell reaches the passenger boat.
Zhang Ji was a native of Xiangyang, Hubei Province. According to the legend, when he went to Chang'an for his exams and returned from his failure, he passed by Hanshan Temple and moored in a passenger boat near Fengqiao at night. So I think the more reliable history should not be like this, according to the "Tang Talented Son" record, Zhang Ji "in the 12th year of Tianbao (753 AD) under the Minister of Rites Yang Jun and the first grade", that is, he has been admitted to the scholar, as a small official, who knows two years later the An Shi Rebellion broke out, the Tang Emperor Xuanzong also fled to Sichuan, because at that time The political situation in Jiangnan was relatively stable, so many literary scholars fled to the present-day Jiangsu and Zhejiang areas to avoid the chaos, including Zhang Ji. At that time, he was about 40 years old. On a cold night in late autumn, he stayed on a passenger boat outside the Hanshan Temple at night, perhaps worried about the future of the country or his personal fate. A seven-word poem, which has been passed down for thousands of years, came out in response. The poem seems simple, but the loneliness and coldness of the autumn night in the water town and the loneliness of the traveller jumped out on the paper.
The "Maple Bridge at Night" has been influential for a thousand years, and the Hanshan Temple has become a historical temple, Hanshan Temple is well-known in China, but it is also a household name in Japan. When you visit Suzhou, you will want to visit the "Hanshan Temple outside Gusu City" where the bell rings at midnight to the passenger boat. I went to Hanshan Temple for the second time, the last time was 29 years ago in 1986, the first time in my life, and the only time my parents took us there.
On a cold autumn day, I came to the Hanshan Temple again. I didn't have the chance to stay on a passenger boat at night to experience the "moonset and frosty sky, the river maple and fishing fire to sleep with sorrow" written by Zhang Ji, so I had to pay 20 RMB for a ticket to visit the ancient Hanshan Temple as a tourist.
The impression of the Hanshan Temple is not big, the historical Hanshan Temple is also not big, but now the Hanshan Temple is much bigger, under the reputation, a lot of new buildings
Hanshan Temple is one of the ten most famous temples in China, located in the ancient town of Fengqiao on the ancient canal west of Suzhou, which used to be outside of Gusu city, but now has long been inside the ancient city of Gusu
Hanshan Temple was built during the Tianjian period (502-519 A.D.) of the Xiaoliang Dynasty, and was initially called "Miao Li Pu Ming Pagoda Yuan". During the Ch'ing-Guan period of the Tang Dynasty, legend has it that the famous monks Hanshan and Goude came to live here from Tiantai Mountain and changed the name to Hanshan Temple.
The word "Hehe" signifies the two famous monks Hanshan and Zaide, known as the "Hehe" two immortals of Hanshan Temple.
A passenger boat named "Jiang Feng" moored in the canal outside Hanshan Temple, the high arch bridge is the only memory I have as a child
About the phrase "Sleeping on the river maple and fishing fire", some people think that "river maple" refers to the maple trees by the river, while the more credible statement should refer to the fishing fire between the Jiangcun Bridge and the Fengqiao Bridge, there are two old bridges in the canal outside the temple, and the poet should have stayed in the night between the two bridges. The canal outside the temple has two old bridges, Jiangcun Bridge and Fengqiao Bridge.
Outside Hanshan Temple is a branch of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, a world heritage site. "There is a paradise above and a Suzhou-Hangzhou below", it is the dense water system in the south of the Yangtze River that has created the land of fish and rice, and the land of fish and rice has created a paradise on earth.
Hanshan Temple in autumn is full of colours, but Zhang Ji was not in the mood to enjoy the scenery, so he wrote a poem full of sadness
As with all temples, Hanshan Temple was badly hit during the Cultural Revolution, and the temple was once turned into a prison for the rebels to extract confessions, and the Buddha statues, pagodas and pavilions were damaged.
In 1968, Sexkong was sent to work in the rural areas of Kunshan, and in 1970, the only remaining monk, Yilin, was expelled from the temple and sent to work in the rural areas of Rugao, and only after 1976 did he return to Hanshan Temple, which was approved as one of the first national key open monasteries in 1980.
Nowadays, Hanshan Temple has become a business card of the ancient city of Suzhou, and the annual bell-listening event on New Year's Day has become a traditional program of the ancient city of Suzhou.
"At 11:57 on New Year's Eve, the bell of Hanshan Temple will ring out, and after 108 bells, the hour hand will point to 12:00.
New Year's Eve, of course, Hanshan Temple is full of water, but on weekdays, Hanshan Temple is still quiet and simple
Although Hanshan Temple was built during the Tianjian period of the Liang Dynasty, it was renamed "Hanshan Temple" two hundred years later in the Tang Dynasty because of the monk Hanshan who lived in the temple, also known as Hanshanzi.
In addition to Hanshan, Hanshan Temple has to be mentioned is Gao De. In the Tang Dynasty, Feng Gan Zen Master lived in the Tiantai Mountain Guoqing Temple, one day walking in the pine forest, picked up a young child, although the clothes are not neat, the appearance of a strange asked the nearby villages, no one knows whose child, Feng Gan Zen Master had no choice but to take the boy back to Guoqing Temple, waiting for people to claim, because the Feng Gan Zen Master picked up, so everyone called him "pick up! "
Hanshan and Goude became good friends, Hanshan asked Goude, "How can I be treated if someone in the world slanders me, deceives me, humiliates me, laughs at me, belittles me, despises me, is mean to me, or cheats me?" Goude said, "Just put up with him, let him go, let him be, avoid him, be patient with him, respect him, ignore him, and wait a few years and see him." The "Hanshan asks Goude" has also become a classic dialogue in Buddhism because of its openness and generosity.
Because the two monks are extraordinary and strange, and their typical images are always full of spring, clapping and laughing, Buddhist disciples believe that they are the reincarnation of Manjushri and Pusheen, and the people worship them as the two immortals of "peace" and "harmony", and the Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing dynasty appointed Hanshan as "This is also the origin of the word "He He" in front of Hanshan Temple.
The original scripture building is a collection of scriptures, the roof of the building has a sculpture of the Monkey King, the Tang monk, pig, Sha Wujing, it is said that the bell in Zhang Ji's poem is hanging on the original bell tower, but the current bell tower building and the bell are not the Tang Dynasty, the bell was recast in 1906, also has more than 100 years of history
Hanshan Temple has a history of more than 1,500 years before Hanshan came, it was called Miao Li Puming Pagoda, but now this Puming Pagoda was also built in the 1990s
Puming Pagoda is the highest point of the temple, overlooking Hanshan Temple and Suzhou City from afar
Both the Puming Pagoda and the Dharma Hall in front of the pagoda are full of the style of the Great Tang Dynasty
Although Hanshan Temple has been in existence for more than a thousand years, it was the poem "The Night of the Maple Bridge" that made the temple famous. According to legend, Emperor Wu of Tang loved "The Night of the Maple Bridge" so much that he was buried with the poem and left a curse that those who carved the poem would be punished by heaven.
Many of the famous artists of the past generations have a number of "Night at the Maple Bridge" poetry monuments, following the Northern Song Dynasty Wang Gui, the most representative of the Ming Dynasty Wen Zhengming, the Qing Dynasty Yu Yue, the Republic of Zhang Ji, as well as modern Liu Haisu, Qigong, etc., and even include Li Dazhao, Chen Yun and other people writing "Night at the Maple Bridge" poetry monument, the late Qing Dynasty master Yu Yue handwritten "Night at the Maple Bridge" poetry monument has become a major monument of Hanshan Temple
Hanshan Temple in the east courtyard and a piece of "Gusu's most" Lingbi stone, 7 meters high, weighing about 35 tons, by the farmer-entrepreneur Wujiang Jingsiyuan owner Chen Jinguan early from the Anhui Lingbi mountains with a heavy purchase, a decade ago generously donated to the Hanshan Temple, Hanshan Temple, the elder Venerable Sexkong inscribed the name of the peak
"It is said that the bell involved in the poem of the poet Zhang Ji of the Tang Dynasty, through the vicissitudes of time, flowed into Japan at the end of the Ming Dynasty, and at the end of the Qing Dynasty, Mr Yamada of Japan searched around to return the bell, but there were no whereabouts, so he raised funds and in 1906, a group of artisans such as Kobayashi Makoto carefully cast a pair of The bronze bell was left at Kanyama Temple in Japan and sent to Hanshan Temple in Suzhou.
In 2008, Hanshan Temple added two Guinness World Records, one is the world's largest Buddhist bell, weighing 108 tons, 8.608 meters high, with a maximum diameter of 5.242 meters, the second is engraved with the poem "Night at the Maple Bridge" by Zhang Ji, written by Yu Yue in the Qing Dynasty, "China's first poetry monument", the main body of the monument height 15.855 meters, with a total weight of 388.188 tons
Suzhou's rapid development this decade, the money to make a Guinness World Record is not difficult, but no matter how big the bell, how big the monument, its soul or Zhang Ji's "Night at the Maple Bridge", a poem that has been passed down through the centuries, a thousand-year-old influential lines
When it comes to the "Night berth on the maple bridge", it is also impossible not to mention the influence of this poem in Japan, the influence of the Tang Dynasty on Japan is extremely far-reaching, "Night berth on the maple bridge" was also selected into the Japanese elementary school textbook poetry, the Japanese than the Chinese pay more attention to education, so the popularity of Hanshan Temple in Japan is likely to be higher than in China. Even such an important event as ringing the bell at Hanshan Temple on New Year's Eve was actually proposed by Akira Fujio, vice president of the Japan-China Friendship Association in Ikeda, Japan, when he visited Suzhou in 1979. Hanshan Temple in the left in the "Night of the Maple Bridge" ink poetry tablet of the famous scholar Yu Yue in the Qing Dynasty (1821-1907) in the "new Hanshan Temple record" account: "Wu in the temple no less than a thousand districts, and Hanshan Temple to Yi Sun (Zhang Ji) a poem, its name alone popular in China, but also recited in the East. I live in Wu for a long time, where the Japanese literary and intellectuals, salty hut to see, see then often talk about the Hanshan Temple. And said: it's country three feet of children, no can not recite is the poet".
Hanshan Temple and the Japanese origin is very deep, Japan also has this legend, said the pick up later left the Hanshan Temple, east to Japan, said, in Japan to build "pick up the temple", and Hanshan Temple has become a sister temple, at the same time, the rules of ringing the bell 108 also spread to Japan, Hanshan is still left in Fengqiao, for the people to give medicine and tea, the Japanese people believe that listening to the Hanshan Temple's bell can be ten years younger. Pick up the temple is now unknown in Japan, but in 1929, Japan in the Qingmei Mountains to build a temple, also known as Hanshan Temple, the temple after the Hanshan Temple in Suzhou, erected a stone monument, on the inscription of Zhang Ji's "Maple Bridge night berth" poem, built a "midnight bell" bell tower, in the nearby streams and valleys above the clear water also set up a "Maple Bridge".
The Japanese are fond of Hanshan Temple, in addition to the great influence of the Tang poem "Night at the Maple Bridge", the influence of Hanshan and the monk Goude should not be underestimated, after years of evolution, Hanshan and Goude have become two famous gods in Japan, these two gods laughing and ranting and unrestrained speech and behaviour into Hanshan culture, it is said that this culture through Japan to the United States, but also become the originator of the American hippie culture. In May 2006, when Mr Yoshiro Mori, former Prime Minister of Japan, came to Suzhou for the first time, he said, "Suzhou and Suzhou Hanshan Temple are places I long to visit," and was excited to visit Hanshan Temple. In the last ten years, Suzhou's economic development has grown by leaps and bounds, and the contribution of Japanese businessmen is indispensable. Many Japanese businessmen come to invest in Suzhou because they have known "Hanshan Temple outside Gusu City" since they were young, and Hanshan Temple has become a very useful city card for Suzhou.

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