Travel to Korea. Old capital of South Korea. Part I

10개월 전


Gyeongju national emblem

Do you know which city was capital of South Korea before? Have you ever heard or been there?

So, today let’s dive into history and go about 1,000 years back. We will go to the South-East part of South Korea to Gyeongju city. Gyeongju is located in Gyeonsanbukdp province.

Few facts about Gyeongju…

  • One of the oldest city in South Korea
  • Adjacent to the Yellow sea
  • The name of the city was changed 3 times: Sorabol -> Gerim -> Keumson -> Gyeongju (was changed in 940)
  • Borders with 2 big industrial provinces: Ulsan and Pohan
  • Population: around 300,000 people
  • Symbol of the city: pine tree, Magpie bird and Forsatay flower
  • Mayor: Joo Nak-young (since 2018)

History of Gyeongju

There were 3 big governments or dynasties (Silla, Korye, Chosun) in Korean history.

Silla Dynasty (신라)

Silla’s territory is marked with blue color

The history of Gyeongju city starts from Silla dynasty. The old notes from that dynasty state that Gyeongju was established in 57 B.C. as a result of unification of 6 small settlements. And city was established by king Park Hyeokgeose. At that time the city was called Sorabol (서라벌). As city was developing as wider were getting it’s territory, and with it territory of Silla was getting larger too. In the middle of VII century Sorabol becomes not only cultural, but also political center of South Korea. Upper-class people and aristocrats lived there. People were talking about Gyeongju even in abroad. Unfortunately, city’s prosperty didn’t continue for a long time. At the end of IX century Silla was decayed into 3 kingdoms: Silla, Hubaekje or Later Baekje and Taebong. Gyeongju was a part of Later Baekje.

A book about king Park Hyeokgeose

To be continued…


If you have any questions about Korea don't hesitate to contact me here or via instagram

More articles about my travel adventures you can find here

Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post.
If you enjoyed what you read here, create your account today and start earning FREE STEEM!
Sort Order:  trending

Congratulations, Your Post Has Been Added To The Steemit Worldmap!
Author link:
Post link:

Want to have your post on the map too?

  • Go to Steemitworldmap
  • Click the code slider at the bottom
  • Click on the map where your post should be (zoom in if needed)
  • Copy and paste the generated code in your post
  • Congrats, your post is now on the map!