8개월 전

不管人类社会再怎么发展,人性千百年来基本没啥变化。正所谓太阳底下无新事,地球上的任何事情在过去都曾经发生过。即是如此,了解历史就很重要了,以史为镜,可以知兴替。

不过,有些人就不喜欢人们知道历史。秦始皇执政时期,因为一些书生引经据典借用古代圣贤的言论来评价抨击实事,他又觉得历史上的一些治国方针并不适合自己建立的大一统的帝国,于是把历史书统统都烧光光了。但是书籍可以飞灰湮灭,人的记忆,良知不会消失,秦朝三代而亡,第三代只有短短几十天。


图源:pexels

这属于从源头上去堵,算是一种教育方式,还有些皇帝,看不了这么远,只会看眼前形式兵来将挡水来土掩,周厉王就是这样。

厉王以暴施政,搞得民怨沸腾。他不但不吸取教训,反而四处派出密探,偷听别人讲话,碰到说他坏话的就抓起来处决,搞得人心惶惶都不敢说话了,熟人之间在路上碰到连招呼都不敢打,只能用眼神示意一下,这就是著名的“道路以目”。

这比秦始皇的焚书坑儒更加简单粗暴,可是防民之口甚于防川,过了三年周厉王就被推翻流放了。

历史证明,不听从民意粗暴镇压,想方设法去围追堵截,这样的皇帝都不会有好下场的。

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